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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Albi 1864 - Malromé 1901


Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a member of one of the oldest noble families in France. He was brought up by his mother who took Henri to Paris at the age of four. Two broken legs in a short period of time in 1878 and 1879 never healed properly and his lower extremities stopped growing.
Toulouse-Lautrec's drawing talents were recognised and encouraged at an early age. The painter René Princeteau, a family friend, recommended the boy to Léon Bonnat, from whom Henri moved on to Cormon in 1884. He left Cormon one year later to continue training on his own. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was inspired by Degas and Japanese woodcuts, in which areas of colour are a decisive structural element. Toulouse-Lautrec developed a similar formal way of expression which led to his characteristic artistic style. His motifs were inspired by the colourful world of Montmartre with its typical institutions like the famous Moulin-Rouge.
Toulouse-Lautrec loved this milieu and was able to capture it better than any other. He never ceased sketching scenes which he then elaborated in his works in different techniques. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec most favourite technique, however, was the lithograph, which he discovered in the early 1890s and soon mastered. He was immensely productive.
When Toulouse-Lautrec organised an exhibition of around 30 paintings at the art dealer Goupil in February 1893, he was much appraised by Degas, whom he himself admired so much. His health began deteriorating in 1897 as a result of the irregular nightly activities and alcoholism. His physical and psychological health was soon so bad that he had to spend several months in a hospital in St.-James near Neuilly in 1899.
He never really recovered and his ailments had a considerable effect on his productivity. The artist left Paris towards Malromé Palace in 1901, where Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec died in the same year at the age of 37.


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